Since then, more populations have been found in the US but it still remains one of the most imperiled plants in North America. It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. All Characteristics, there are five petals, sepals, or tepals in the flower, there are four petals, sepals, or tepals in the flower, the carpel is solitary or (if 2 or more) the carpels are not fused to one another, the petals of the flower do not have folds or plaits, the petals of the flower have folds or plaits on them, the petal outline is elliptic (shaped like an ellipse; widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the petal outline is obovate (roughly egg-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the petal tip is obtuse (bluntly pointed), the capsule splits by two main valves, teeth or pores, the leaf blade is obovate (egg-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the upper side of the leaf blade has obvious spots, mottles or stripes, the upper side of the leaf blade is relatively uniform in color, the stipules are lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the stipules are ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the plant has a pleasant smell, for example anise, fruit, mint or resin, the hairs on the stem are plain, without glands or branches, and not tangled, the flowering stem has no leaves above the base, there is at least one full leaf above the base of the flowering stem. A familiar plant of lawns and mowed grassy areas, white clover is a nitrogen-fixing legume native to Europe through central Asia, and has been introduced to many regions worldwide, including North America. Flowers Flower tea used for rheumatism and gout. [18] In order to increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors. Benjamin Franklin noted its prevalence in cleared and disturbed land as early as 1746. Several of the more common reasons are listed below. Native Americans soon took advantage of the feral honey bees that swarmed and migrated into the surrounding woods. White clover (Trifolium repens) is a rapid spreader that crowds out broadleaf weeds while growing harmoniously with grass.It will thrive in areas that are poorly drained or too shady for a conventional lawn. Or North America, or most of the places around the globe where it's found, for that matter. The species includes varieties often classed as small, i… Flowers are attractive to bees. Can you please help us? Species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, Companion planting, green manure, and cover crops. The stems function as stolons, so white clover often forms mats, with the stems creeping as much as 18 cm (7.1 in) a year, and rooting at the nodes. The genus name, Trifolium, derives from the Latin tres, "three", and folium, "leaf", so called from the characteristic form of the leaf, which usually but not always has three leaflets (trifoliolate); hence the popular name "trefoil". White clover has been used as a forage in North America since Colonial times. From 1940 to 1985 it was believed to be extinct until two populations were discovered in West Virginia. Anticestodal activity of. White Clover (Trifolium repens) is a species of clover native to Europe, North Africa, and West Asia. White clover establishment and management guide. NH, is a cool season perennial legume of Mediterranean origin. White clover grows well as a companion plant among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses, and vegetable rows. a sighting. If you live in North America, Europe, Asia, or almost any other temperate environment, you've probably seen Trifolium repens, an unassuming white clover popular with bees and unpopular with homeowners fixated on a perfect lawn.Native to Europe and Asia, this hardy species has spread all over the globe with an assist from humans who introduced it to new environments for livestock to graze on. Plant this perennial clover as a cover crop, groundcover, for erosion control or in your pasture mixture. Forages: an introduction to grassland agriculture. CT, MA, ME, in part by the National Science Foundation. [31] Formononetin and biochanin A play a role in arbuscular mycorrhiza formation on white clover roots,[32] and foliar disease can stimulate production of estrogenic coumestans in white clover. 1 (1991): 87-93. It long ago became naturalized throughout North America along roadsides, in … County documented: documented To reuse an That “weed” in many area lawns — white clover (Trifolium repens) — is native to Europe. White clover can tolerate close mowing and grazing, and it can grow on many different types and pHs of soil (although it prefers clay soils). [18] [19][20][21] Additionally, it is possible that one of the diploid ancestors has yet to be analyzed, either because it has not been discovered or is extinct.[22]. Plant and Soil 253, no. Native or not, there's no question true clovers are an integral part of flora in North America, where they now serve as host plants for many species of native butterflies and moths. Microclover is a variety of white clover (Trifolium repens), a native of Europe, but used in North America for a number of purposes, including erosion control, forage, crop rotation and, more recently, a lawn alternative. Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Chile. to exist in the county by [36] For these reasons, it is often used as a green manure and cover crop. Trifolium repens, the white clover[2] (also known as Dutch clover, Ladino clover, or Ladino), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae). Besides making an excellent forage crop for livestock,[37] its leaves and flowers are a valuable survival food: they are high in proteins, and are widespread and abundant. Found this plant? Although native to Europe, this plant has naturalized throughout North America in lawns, fields and roadsides. the state. 2003. Natural nitrogen fixing reduces leaching from the soil and by maintaining soil health can reduce the incidence of some lawn diseases that are enhanced by the availability of synthetic fertilizer. Vol. For details, please check with your state. Adams, Norman R. "Detection of the effects of phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle." [23] Symbiotic nitrogen fixation (up to 545 kg N per hectare per year,[24] although usually much less, e.g. Nearly all prefer rich, damp soils, such as cool streambanks. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust White clover is native to Europe and was widely grown there in precolonial times. Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and Jan Hassink. It is a herbaceous perennial plant. Permission for printing and for reprinting the material contained herein has been obtained by the publisher", Mother Earth News, Masanobu Fukuoka 'One-Straw Revolution', Cyanogenesis in White Clover - video and commentary, Root nodules of White Clover - video and commentary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trifolium_repens&oldid=994087862, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, National symbols of the Republic of Ireland, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 01:37. 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