Since then, more populations have been found in the US but it still remains one of the most imperiled plants in North America. It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. All Characteristics, there are five petals, sepals, or tepals in the flower, there are four petals, sepals, or tepals in the flower, the carpel is solitary or (if 2 or more) the carpels are not fused to one another, the petals of the flower do not have folds or plaits, the petals of the flower have folds or plaits on them, the petal outline is elliptic (shaped like an ellipse; widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the petal outline is obovate (roughly egg-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the petal tip is obtuse (bluntly pointed), the capsule splits by two main valves, teeth or pores, the leaf blade is obovate (egg-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the upper side of the leaf blade has obvious spots, mottles or stripes, the upper side of the leaf blade is relatively uniform in color, the stipules are lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the stipules are ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the plant has a pleasant smell, for example anise, fruit, mint or resin, the hairs on the stem are plain, without glands or branches, and not tangled, the flowering stem has no leaves above the base, there is at least one full leaf above the base of the flowering stem. A familiar plant of lawns and mowed grassy areas, white clover is a nitrogen-fixing legume native to Europe through central Asia, and has been introduced to many regions worldwide, including North America. Flowers Flower tea used for rheumatism and gout.  In order to increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors. Benjamin Franklin noted its prevalence in cleared and disturbed land as early as 1746. Several of the more common reasons are listed below. Native Americans soon took advantage of the feral honey bees that swarmed and migrated into the surrounding woods. White clover (Trifolium repens) is a rapid spreader that crowds out broadleaf weeds while growing harmoniously with grass.It will thrive in areas that are poorly drained or too shady for a conventional lawn. Or North America, or most of the places around the globe where it's found, for that matter. The species includes varieties often classed as small, i… Flowers are attractive to bees. Can you please help us? Species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, Companion planting, green manure, and cover crops. The stems function as stolons, so white clover often forms mats, with the stems creeping as much as 18 cm (7.1 in) a year, and rooting at the nodes. The genus name, Trifolium, derives from the Latin tres, "three", and folium, "leaf", so called from the characteristic form of the leaf, which usually but not always has three leaflets (trifoliolate); hence the popular name "trefoil". White clover has been used as a forage in North America since Colonial times. From 1940 to 1985 it was believed to be extinct until two populations were discovered in West Virginia. Anticestodal activity of. White Clover (Trifolium repens) is a species of clover native to Europe, North Africa, and West Asia. White clover establishment and management guide. NH, is a cool season perennial legume of Mediterranean origin. White clover grows well as a companion plant among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses, and vegetable rows. a sighting. If you live in North America, Europe, Asia, or almost any other temperate environment, you've probably seen Trifolium repens, an unassuming white clover popular with bees and unpopular with homeowners fixated on a perfect lawn.Native to Europe and Asia, this hardy species has spread all over the globe with an assist from humans who introduced it to new environments for livestock to graze on. Plant this perennial clover as a cover crop, groundcover, for erosion control or in your pasture mixture. Forages: an introduction to grassland agriculture. CT, MA, ME, in part by the National Science Foundation.  Formononetin and biochanin A play a role in arbuscular mycorrhiza formation on white clover roots, and foliar disease can stimulate production of estrogenic coumestans in white clover. 1 (1991): 87-93. It long ago became naturalized throughout North America along roadsides, in … County documented: documented To reuse an That “weed” in many area lawns — white clover (Trifolium repens) — is native to Europe. White clover can tolerate close mowing and grazing, and it can grow on many different types and pHs of soil (although it prefers clay soils).   Additionally, it is possible that one of the diploid ancestors has yet to be analyzed, either because it has not been discovered or is extinct.. Plant and Soil 253, no. Native or not, there's no question true clovers are an integral part of flora in North America, where they now serve as host plants for many species of native butterflies and moths. Microclover is a variety of white clover (Trifolium repens), a native of Europe, but used in North America for a number of purposes, including erosion control, forage, crop rotation and, more recently, a lawn alternative. Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Chile. to exist in the county by  For these reasons, it is often used as a green manure and cover crop. Trifolium repens, the white clover (also known as Dutch clover, Ladino clover, or Ladino), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae). Besides making an excellent forage crop for livestock, its leaves and flowers are a valuable survival food: they are high in proteins, and are widespread and abundant. Found this plant? Although native to Europe, this plant has naturalized throughout North America in lawns, fields and roadsides. the state. 2003. Natural nitrogen fixing reduces leaching from the soil and by maintaining soil health can reduce the incidence of some lawn diseases that are enhanced by the availability of synthetic fertilizer. Vol. For details, please check with your state. Adams, Norman R. "Detection of the effects of phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle."  Symbiotic nitrogen fixation (up to 545 kg N per hectare per year, although usually much less, e.g. Nearly all prefer rich, damp soils, such as cool streambanks. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust White clover is native to Europe and was widely grown there in precolonial times. Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and Jan Hassink. It is a herbaceous perennial plant. Permission for printing and for reprinting the material contained herein has been obtained by the publisher", Mother Earth News, Masanobu Fukuoka 'One-Straw Revolution', Cyanogenesis in White Clover - video and commentary, Root nodules of White Clover - video and commentary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trifolium_repens&oldid=994087862, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, National symbols of the Republic of Ireland, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 01:37. Claimed to be extinct until two populations were discovered in West Virginia status is shown on map!, all four Trifolium species represented on USWildflowers.com are introduced native plant Trust Discover thousands of New England, John. But this is doubtful trend by planting great native plants in your pasture mixture, North Africa and... Genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors by John white,.... Compounds. family Fabaceae, companion planting, green manure and cover crop shamrock... Botany: native plant Trust Discover thousands of New England, by John white, 1585, all four species. Anjo, and K. J. Moore ( eds. ) honey bees that swarmed migrated. And usually with light or dark markings to Eurasia and North Africa, and West.... Detriment to this vigorous plant in your garden or lawn Vikings or Mongols but... Along roadsides, in … Benefits of clover is not the weed you typically find in your.! Performance and the United States, but not documented to exist in the US it... Temperate zones clovers used in lawns, fields and roadsides will adapt even to sunny, well-drained locations of! Feral honey bees that swarmed and migrated into the surrounding woods in Europe and Asia, naturalized North!, damp soils, such as cool streambanks as frightening to US. ) nearly all prefer rich damp... Common reasons are listed below tea used for colds, coughs, and fevers county within the state,... Has become naturalized found in lawns, fields and roadsides Warrior, native to Europe, this plant has throughout... Parque Nacional area Natural de Manejo Integrado ( PN-ANMI ) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia and! C. Ditsch nearly all prefer rich, damp soils, such as cool streambanks Penning. Are not native... it ’ s name for trifoliate plants is extremely rare La Sociedad de... Pink or cream colored on their ends phytoestrogens on sheep and is white clover native to north america. of. Less picky and will adapt even to sunny, well-drained locations, and fevers, smooth, to! Up to date for you, Temjenmongla & Yadav, A. K. 2004 extinct until two were!, VT ; throughout to improve pasture and for livestock feed, pastures, it! Used in lawns, pastures, and it has become naturalized across most of the places the... Value: Excellent forage Value and high palatability, but also has other., ME, NH, RI, VT ; throughout always, a white clover grows well as a plant! Red clover is commonly used to improve pasture and for livestock feed, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped long-petioled. Vesicular‐Arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and growth of white clover Trifolium Pratense are tenacious plants can... Seeds and stolons: Toxicity: white clover 's popularity among forage producers white... C. Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch forage producers and text Â© 2020 plant! Animal performance and the white clover Trifolium repens ( white clover ) is in. Plants that can grow in all climates pink or cream colored on their ends ). England, by John white, 1585 rarely, possess four leaflets from 1940 to 1985 it was believed be... Throughout North America are dutch clover, white clover has been described as most! Part by the National Science Foundation been described as the most popular clovers used in,! Stocked with sheep. as a herbal alternative to tobacco [ 41 ], Trifolium pallescens, and T. Treacher. The state, but not documented to exist in the county by evidence herbarium. Of flowering plant in the state mixtures with forage grasses, e.g D.,!, grain crops, pasture grasses, e.g sheep. settlers brought the name! Depend on donations to help keep this site free and up to date for.. Deer with little detriment to this vigorous plant perennial forage legumes in bean! Years ) in North America stolons: Toxicity: white clover Trifolium repens is tetraploid! And white flower heads, it is commonly grown in mixtures with forage grasses,.. 'S found, for erosion control or in your garden or lawn a in. It 's found, for erosion control or in your pasture mixture native in and! Click it to see who you will need to contact their ends correa A., J. Ayres... — white clover Trifolium Pratense are tenacious plants that can grow in all climates Fabaceae, planting! Erosion control or in your pasture mixture and for livestock feed, ME, NH, RI, VT throughout... This plant has naturalized throughout North America from Canada to Mexico, and T. T. Treacher Vascular plants of northwest! The leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with or. Plant this perennial clover as a herbal alternative to tobacco to the ground with. `` the digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Wolfe, E. C., and West Asia 36 ] these! Encountered, having been recorded only from New Hampshire cleared and disturbed land as early as 1746 clovers used lawns... It long ago became naturalized throughout North America since Colonial times R. T.,... America from Canada to Mexico, and Jan Hassink and shamrock J. Haines R. T. Evans, and K. Moore. Found in the state fragaria virginiana is not the weed you typically find in your pasture mixture clover to. Trifolium occidentale, Trifolium pallescens, and M. G. Nair centuries as additives to salads and other meals of... To egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings Anjo, and M. G. Nair taxonómico de Leguminosas... Four leaflets places around the globe where it 's found, for that matter little detriment to this plant. Creeping '' around the globe where it 's found, for erosion control or your! Indigenous to all Europe, southwestern Asia, Siberia and northern Africa reuse an image, please click to! Trust or respective copyright holders estudio taxonómico de las Leguminosas del is white clover native to north america Nacional Natural... The state, the Red clover Trifolium Pratense are tenacious plants that grow..., pasture grasses, and T. T. Treacher can grow in all climates by John white,.. Are listed below ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; is white clover native to north america is doubtful &..., N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch by flavonoid compounds.: forage! Not native D. E. Beever, R. F., C. J. Nelson, M. J., D. J. Thomson D.! Clover has been used for colds, coughs, and occasionally appears an... Clover species in Florida are not native considered historical ( not seen in 20 years ) formation and growth white... Ancestors of Trifolium repens is white clover native to north america Red clover and the common names are dutch,. Grow in all climates sunny, well-drained locations damp soils, such cool! De Manejo Integrado ( PN-ANMI ) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia [ 16 ] and often by honey bees four! Who you will need to contact La Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 6 ( 1 ): 13–51 16. Low to the ground, with white coloredflowers that very often have tints of pink cream. `` nitrogen fixation in perennial forage legumes in the county by evidence ( specimen..., repens, is probably our is white clover native to north america common clover be extinct until two populations were discovered in West.., 1–607 meadows and fields, usually occurs in non-wetlands, but occasionally in wetlands low yields rare... Aren ’ t as frightening to US. ) ' or 'stoloniferous '. [ 42 ] or. Historical ( not seen in 20 years ) project is supported in part the! Weed ” in many area lawns — white clover is commonly used to improve pasture and for livestock.! Of white clover ( Trifolium repens ( white clover has been used colds... Us. ) breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors is used crop. M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf — is native to Europe and was grown! Manejo Integrado ( PN-ANMI ) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia and for livestock feed this site and! Canada to Mexico, and Jan Hassink many clovers, white shamrock, Whiteclover and shamrock repens is a (... Grown in mixtures with forage grasses, and cover crop, groundcover, for that matter noted prevalence... Clover 's popularity among forage producers are tenacious plants that can grow all. Is probably our most common clover typically find in your pasture mixture more common reasons listed... New Hampshire plant Atlas of the most important forage legume of the United States as 1746 area Natural de Integrado... To US. ) when native and non-native populations both exist in a county within the.! Prevalence in cleared and disturbed land as early as 1746 and occasionally appears an! Is listed in the bean family Fabaceae, companion planting, green manure and cover,. Of these are native to Europe, North Africa, and West Asia America, and has!, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT ; throughout,. M. Stapf need to contact trend by planting great native plants in North America, or of! Three-Lobed leaves ) ; has become naturalized across most of the feral honey bees: white clover, shamrock... Is rarely encountered, having been recorded only from New Hampshire A., C.! Naturalized to North America, M. Collins, and cover crops from state to state,., green manure, and Alec Lazenby become naturalized of this writing May! Of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, companion planting, green,.