The ensemble was rated for 72,000 shp (53,700 kW). Much use, as a war goes on, may, no doubt, be made of the armed merchantmen on the Admiralty List; but we must have Royal [Navy] cruisers to begin with, A commencement was made last year by the late Board in the Leander and her two consorts, which, with their partially protected machinery, their great speed, and their excellent guns, will be everything that can be desired for the purpose for which they were devised. The cruisers of the Leander class were the result of the London Conference of 1930, ending the 8-inch gun programme. After being hit by an aviation bomb 1,000 lb (450 kg) on her “B” boiler room on 1 January 1943 she was repaired at Gibraltar and Norfolk, and returned in action after a long refit at Portsmouth, completed on 25 December 1943. She was back in the pacific in September 1941. This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 16:52. The Leander class was influenced by the York-class heavy cruiser, and was an attempt to better provide for the role of commerce protection.The 7,000-7,200 ton Leanders were armed with eight BL 6 in (152 mm) Mk XXIII guns in twin turrets, two forward and two aft. RPM with a trained crew was a shot every 4-5 seconds, only three when the range did not changed. HMS Leander, Achilles, Ajax, Neptune, Orion, HMAS Perth, Sydney, Hobart. This led to the famous battle of the River plate, together with HMS Exeter and Achilles. However nothing happened, and Hobart was sent to cover landings at Guadalcanal and Tulagi. Though the "Admiralty have been desirous that the money should be spent on the object for which it is voted, but that it has been prevented by a delay with the contractor. HMS Apollo entered service in 1936, and until 1938 was posted to the American and West Indies station (The carribean), and she was purchased by the Australian Government in 1938, as well as the aviation tender HMAS Albatross, but this was postponed to September because of the Munich crisis. Cruisers Leander class Light Cruiser - 4x2 6" guns, 4x2 4" guns, 2x4 21" torpedo tubes Australian light cruisers HMASs Perth, Sydney, and Hobart - 4x2 6" guns, 4x2 4" guns, 2x4 21" torpedo tubes ## Dido class AntiAircraft Light Cruiser - 5x2 5.25" guns, 2x3 21" torpedo tubes - New, 11Jun09. Author’s HD illustration of HMS neptune in 1944. Ajax in her fight against Graf Spee, December 13, 1939, at the Rio de la Plat – Old author’s illustration. Later Sydney launched a torpedo volley, which missed as the German ship manoeuvred but broke down her engine in the process. HMS Neptune was a Leander-class light cruiser which served with the Royal Navy during World War II. Forms the centrepiece of a carrier strike group when undertaking heavy assault missions. (Just say which you wish on the 'message box' of the online till') They also had parade guns, quickly removed at the beginning of the conflict. [12] In 1881, it was argued that Britain had fallen behind in cruisers to protect Britain's mercantile marine, which at the time was at least half the world total. But the world is a large place; and eight or ten vessels cannot be everywhere, and the safety of our commerce imperatively demands that the swift cruisers which we have ready at the outbreak of a war shall be enough to clear the seas of privateers. Decommissioned by the Royal Navy in February 1948. English: The British Empire Leander class light cruisers of 1931. During the battle she acted as flaghsip of Force G (Commodore Henry Harwood). The news of this loss was morally crippling, as this represented until then 35% of total Australian losses in this war. Smith who said "the Leander class ought to be rendered complete, according to the arrangements undertaken by the Board of Admiralty, without loss of time. On trials, 32.45 knots were reached by HMS Leander. Ironically after the war, she carried Graf Spee’s crew from Uruguay back to Germany. In a fierce night gun action known as the Battle of Kolombangara, Leander was hit by a torpedo and badly damaged. In 1941, Ajax and Leander were allotted to the RNZN (New Zealand Navy). The later were developed from 1936 and allowed a much greater rpm at 15-20 rounds. The 5 Leanders (completed in 1933-34) and the 3 Australian Perth (1934-35) were the first light cruisers built since the Enterprise class of 1920. Hansard HC Deb 15 March 1883 vol 277 c619, Hansard HC Deb 15 March 1883 vol 277 cc620-1, Hansard HC Deb 08 May 1884 vol 287 cc1713, Hansard HC Deb 15 July 1884 vol 290 cc1184-5, Hansard HC Deb 15 July 1884 vol 290 c1192, Hansard HL Deb 06 March 1885 vol 295 c240, Hansard, HC Deb 16 March 1885 vol 295 c1311, Hansard, HC Deb 16 March 1885 vol 295 c1327-28, Hansard, HC Deb 08 June 1885 vol 298 c1399, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Leander-class_cruiser_(1882)&oldid=998915929, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The three ships of the second group were sold to the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) before World War II and renamed after Australian cities. She was present at Alxandria during Operation catapult, where fortunately no gunfight with the new Vichy French fleet took place. Support Naval Encyclopedia, get your poster or wallpaper now ! She was later policing Palestinian waters, taking part in the 1947 Exodus affair. The class comprised HMS Leander, HMS Phaeton, HMS Amphion and HMS Arethusa. Their secondary armament consisted of four high angle QF 4 inch Mk V naval guns. On 27 February 1941, she sank an Italian armed freighter near the Maldives and on 23 March 1941, she captured the Vichy French freighter Charles L.D. However fatefully she was sent to the American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) force. They also lost catapult and crane in 1941 (Ajax-Orion) and 1943 (Leander, Achilles). The Leander-class, or Type 12I frigates, [1] [2] [3] comprising twenty-six vessels, was among the most numerous and long-lived classes of frigate in the Royal Navy's modern history. Built by Portsmouth Dockyard, the vessel was laid down on 24 September 1931, launched on 31 January 1933, and commissioned into the Royal Navy on 12 February 1934 with the pennant number "20". LEANDER CLASS The Leander class was influenced by the York-class heavy cruiser, and was an attempt to better provide for the role of commerce protection. Compared to the York, their smaller turrets allowed four to be placed in superfiring pairs fore and aft. In the Battle of Cape Spada she badly hit both cruisers successively, forcing them to escape in smoke. She quickly capsized, with mosy of the crew but about 30 survivors which apparently drawn too. Two shafts. Completed in March 1933, she served with the Royal Navy until April 1937, when she was transferred to New Zealand and became HMNZS Leander . Neither the rudder or machinery was protected and the belt armor was fairly light as well and the total represented 845 tons of armour. Despite her damage she only deplored 12 casualties, and was still able to station off Uruguay with Achilles, soon joined by Cumberland (from the Falklands), until the conclusion. HMNZS Leander (75) (Returned to the Royal Navy as HMS Leander) Royal Navy (more on Royal Navy) HMS Ajax (22) HMS Leander (75) HMS Neptune (20) Lost on 19 Dec 1941: HMS Orion (85) 6 Light cruisers of the Leander class. In June 1941 however she was sent to the Mediterranean, against the Vichy French during the Syria-Lebanon Campaign. All three ships were sold to the RAN (Royal Australian Navy), Phaeton was renamed Sydney in 1939, Amphion was renamed Perth and Apollo Hobart after a few years of British service under their launch names. Two cylinder horizontal direct acting compound engines, 12 cylindrical boilers, 5,500 IHP. Hull Developed by John Haynes More information, photos and some fittings can be found at www.johnrhaynes.com Modified Leander-class cruiser (WW2) There are 2 products. Although launched as HMS PHAETON on 9th October 1934, this was changed in 1935 to SYDNEY after the decision to transfer her to the Royal Australian Navy. She would display two other liveries until 1945 – old author’s illustrations. In 1934, the Australian government seeked a replacement for the old HMAS Brisbane, and negotiations for the purchase of HMS Phaeton while she still under construction took place. She joined Surabaya with Exeter and the destroyers Jupiter, Electra and Encounter, to place herself under command of Dutch Rear-Admiral Karel Doorman. HMS Ajax after refit in January 1943, with a classic example of Mediterranean razzle dazzle, HMS Ajax in 1945, with an “atlantic approaches” three tone wavy camouflage, 3D rendition of the Perth (World of Warhips). [36] By May 1884, it was being "said that the Leander should be completed first; that then a trial of the Leander should be made; and that then it should be ascertained what improvements or alterations ought to be effected in the Arethusa, and the other ships of the same class. [16] They also carry three masts, but are not expected to have much sailing power. HMNZS Achilles circa 1941 – Allan C. Green coll. En route to Malta she fend off several air attacks and spended all her AA ammunitions; After a stop in Alexandria for resupplying she spotted and engaged on 19 July the Italian cruisers Giovanni dalle Bande Nere and Bartolomeo Colleoni, assisted by destroyers. They are placed on either side of the upper deck at the fore end of the poop and after end of the forecastle. The Leander Class were a four ship cruiser programme ordered by the Admiralty in 1880. HMNZS Leander was a light cruiser which served with the Royal New Zealand Navy during World War II.She was the lead ship of a class of eight ships, the Leander-class light cruiser and was initially named HMS Leander. She was commissioned into the Royal Navy as HMS Leander on July 23 rd 1931. HMAS Sydney scrambled in hot pursuit, and eventually the Australian cruiser catch up what was revealed to be the KMS Kormoran. British and Dominion Warships of World War Two. 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