First raised in 1741 in Scotland, the regiment saw service over a period of 140 years, before it was amalgamated with another regiment to become The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment in 1881. 1895.08 India 1943.01.08 at sea 2nd Loyal North Lancashires mobilised at Bangalore in India and was the only British unit in an Indian Army expedition against German East Africa (now Tanzania). The 5th East Lancashires again distinguished themselves at Riencourt, near Bapaume on 28th-31st August, and on 27th-29th September they stormed through the vaunted Hindenburg Line. This sector was by chance held by the battered British IX Corps which, in need of a rest, had been allocated to a supposedly quiet area. The British bombardment, though ineffective against the enemy trenches, inflicted heavy losses on the East Lancashires, who had 449 casualties that day, while the Loyals’ losses amounted to 243. The British troops involved included 2nd East Lancashires, in the 8th Division, and the 2nd South Lancashires and 9th Loyal North Lancashires, in the 25th Division. Compared to other theatres of war, stalemate characterised this arduous campaign in mountainous Balkan terrain, with offensive operations largely confined to raids and patrolling. Nearly twenty thousand officers and men laid down their lives, and the close association that was forged in those years between the Regiment and the people of Lancashire can never be expunged. The 2nd East Lancashires joined in the general advance at Gavrelle on 8th October, and on the 11th they breached the Drocourt-Queant Line and pursued the enemy for five miles to the outskirts of Douai, which they took the following morning. Mr Walsh then enlisted in the East Lancashire Regiment in Carlisle. Then on 4th October the 1st East Lancashires suffered severe losses in an attack near Poelcapelle. In turn, the East Lancashire Regiment was amalgamated with other regiments as the age-old process of consolidation within the British Army continued. The Regular battalions passed the winter of 1914/15 in shallow, muddy trenches, enduring great hardship and a steady drain of casualties with characteristic stoicism and humour. J. W. Thomas report to Headquarters following Eureka rebellion, The Regiments In The South African War 1899-1902, The Accrington Pals and the Benedictine Connection – or ‘A Bene and ‘ot’, A “Fearful Tragedy” and The Ballad of Private McCaffery. The regiment adopted a cap badge that reflected both its geographical recruiting ground and its antecedents regimental history. But tropical diseases took a heavy toll of the battalion and in December 1916 it was transferred to the healthier climate of Egypt. 1 February 1918 : transferred to 103rd Brigade, 34th Division. Due to budget defence cuts the East Lancashire Regiment was merged with The South Lancashire Regiment in 1958 to form The Lancashire Regiment (Prince of Wales's Volunteers). 1941.10 UK 42 Support Gp All three were in reserve when the forward areas were pounded by the largest concentration of artillery yet assembled. Courtesy of Paul Hughes. The regiment, which recruited, as its title suggests, primarily from the South Lancashire area, was created as part of the Childers Reforms in 1881 as the Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment) by the amalgamation of the 40th (the 2nd Somersetshire) Regiment of Foot and the 82nd Regiment of Foot (Prince of Wales's Volunteers). In obedience to the order to ‘Stand or fall at your posts’ not a man returned. The offensive went on for three dreadful months and involved 26 battalions of our Regimental predecessors. Courtesy of Paul Hughes. Between them the three battalions suffered 935 casualties in this, their first major battle. Over the next few months they were initiated into the arduous routines of trench warfare. Tuesday, December 30, 2014 La Boiselle This village, on the Albert-Bapaume road astride the main thrust of the British offensive, was eventally cleared on 4th July by the ‘New Army’ 19th Division after severe close-quarter fighting with bomb, bayonet and Lewis gun. Details of WO 95/2537/4; Reference: WO 95/2537/4 Description: 8 Battalion East Lancashire Regiment. Defence of Suez The Suez Canal was a vital strategic link with the British Empire in the East and, being vulnerable to Turkish attack from Sinai, was a high priority for reinforcement. The East Lancashire Regiment was, from 1881 to 1958, a line infantry regiment of the British Army.The regiment was formed in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot and 59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot with the militia and rifle volunteer units of eastern Lancashire. This website does not represent the views or policies of the MOD, or The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment. Ovillers-La-Boiselle On the next spur north of La Boiselle, the fortified village of Ovillers was the centre of fierce and protracted fighting from 7th to 15th July in which the 2nd and 8th South Lancashires and 8th and 9th Loyal North Lancashires, all in the 25th Division, played a prominent role in capturing the ruins from the Prussian Guards. Tales • Guestbook At the battle of the Somme in 1916 they wore patches of primrose on their helmets and sleeves. The following morning the British army advanced as part of the Allied counter-stroke known as the Battle of the Marne. The shortages of artillery ammunition and trained manpower which had severely limited British capabilities were now over, for industry was at last geared up for mass production of munitions and the ‘New Army’ divisions had been in the field for some months. Community The terrain is well-suited to defence, and on the high ground the Germans had prepared three lines of trench systems, sited in depth, whose defenders were protected by barbed wire entanglements and deep dug-outs. This created the Fricourt Salient, which over the next few weeks was progressively enlarged by a series of costly local attacks against the German second line of defence, which ran along the ridges from Thiepval to Pozieres, on the Bapaume road, and then through Bazentin and Delville Wood to Guillemont . East Lancashire Regiment casualties in Ireland. With our backs to the wall, and believing in the justice of our cause, each one of us must fight on to the end.’. amalgamated with the South Lancashires to form The Queens Add to Basket. 1935 Northern Ireland: Belfast 1932 China: Shanghai I have his dogtags and would love to get them home to his family. On 4th August 1914 Britain declared war on Germany to fulfil treaty obligations to Belgium, to preserve her own security and to preserve the balance of power in Europe. The enemy poured into the gap, attacking the exposed flanks and rear areas of divisions to the north and south. Some two miles to their south 2nd East Lancashires, of 8th Division, took their objectives on Westhoek Ridge and beat off three counter-attacks, while further south again 8th East Lancashires and 10th Loyal North Lancashires of 37th Division and the three 7th Battalions in 19th Division mounted diversionary attacks. I am happy to cover all costs, if you are a family member … Similar records to Private John Ireland East Lancashire Regiment. The plan went equally well further south along the ridge where 8th South Lancashires and 8th and 9th Loyal North Lancashires, all in 25th Division, also took their objectives with comparatively little loss. We offer both hand sewn & printed The East Lancashire Regiment flags all made in our very own manufacturing facility, here in North Yorkshire, UK. Consequently, early in 1918 there was a wholesale reduction of British units on the Western Front to keep others up to strength. 1947 UK 1941.09 UK 6 Bde Bancourt British Cemetery, Pas-de-Calais, France. The Regiment’s Greatest Tragedy – The Wrecking of the Seahorse, Lord Melville & Boadicea, The Regiments in Afghanistan 1839-42, 1878-80, and 1919, Capt. Regiment (Prince of Wales's Volunteers), 1881.07.01 2nd Battalion, The East Lancashire Soldiers from the 1/4th South Lancashires rescue two British tanks from the mud of the Somme battlefield. Please help by clicking the buttons below. :: Best Viewed in "Any Size". of Foot It was perhaps the finest Territorial Division action of the war. The Marne The famous fighting retreat continued until 5th September, when the BEF was south-east of Paris. Demobilisation soon began, but several Lancashire battalions joined the British Army of Occupation in Germany, based around Cologne. In November 1914 this force attempted to capture the port of Tanga, but though the Loyal North Lancashires fought their way into the town they were not well supported by unsteady Indian troops and were eventually obliged to withdraw. On their right 1/5th Loyal North Lancashires made a gallant stand but at terrible cost, 434 casualties, while 1/4th Loyal North Lancashires, who were in reserve, saved the situation with a magnificent immediate counter-attack. Add to this record. The Diamond shape and primrose colour were introduced in 1945 by The East Lancashire Regiment. The advance continued to the River Adhaim where, on 17th/18th April, all three battalions took part in a brilliantly-executed silent night attack, during which the Lancashire troops were ferried across the river and scaled cliffs to surprise the Turkish pickets and then routed the main enemy force. The Battalion fought at Gallipoli and, as part of the Suez Defence Force, was part the campaign against the Turks in the Sinai Desert. In July 2006 the regiment was amalgamated with two other Northern infantry regiments to form the Duke … RWA Watson served with the 1st Btn. The 1st Battalion was formed from the 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot (raised in 1702) and the 2nd Battalion from the 59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot (raised 1755) and the regiment was renamed the East Lancashire Regiment in July 1881. The year 1917 saw Regimental strength on the Western Front reach a peak of 27 battalions. Vimy 1917, Scarpe 1917 '18, Arleux, Oppy, Messines 1917, Pilckem, The 4th East Lancashires, in the front line, were attacked from the rear and overwhelmed, while 2/5th East Lancashires suffered 763 casualties in a long fighting withdrawal. Casualties totalled 247, but when they were relieved after 48 hours of heavy fighting the ‘Pals’ received many compliments for their gallant conduct. In October 1914 Turkey, whose empire then stretched from the Persian Gulf to the Balkans, joined the Central Powers. The survivors held the rear of the village throughout the day, preventing a further enemy advance, and that evening the village was recovered by two Australian and two British brigades. 1958.07.01 amalgamated with The South Lancashire Regiment He joined the East Lancashire Regiment in May 1900, from the 3rd Battalion York and Lancaster Regiment (3rd West York Militia), then embodied and in Ireland, and was promoted Lieutenant October 1901. The relief force made some progress up the River Tigris, capturing Turkish defensive lines at Hanna and Falahiya, but repeated and desperate assaults on very strong positions at Sanna-i-Yat failed with heavy casualties and Kut fell at the end of April. 1881.07.01 The East Lancashire Regiment (13 Bde) 1 Jul 58: Amalgamated with 1st Bn, The South Lancashire Regiment (Prince of Wales's Volunteers), to form 1st Bn, The Lancashire Regiment (Prince of Wales's Volunteers) 2nd Battalion, The East Lancashire Regiment 4th Btn., The East Lancashire Regiment - To Northern Ireland around 22 Oct. 1941. The battalion’s final operation was an advance through the Foret de Mormal on 6th-8th November to take Hautmont on the outskirts of Maubeuge. By mid-September the Germans were back on the Hindenburg Line, and by the end of the month even that had broken. • Home • History An ignominious re-embarkation concluded this sorry debacle. 1957.01 England: Brentwood The anniversary of this fight, which cost 276 casualties, was afterwards commemorated annually by the 4th South Lancashires with a ceremonial parade. Soldier of the 30th Foot in 1742 1 History 1888 Newry 1896 Burma The Old Three Tens travelled widely and saw action on many bloody fields, particularly during three significant European wars: the War of Spanish Succession, the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, and the Crimean War. Their 1st Battalion, meanwhile, had advanced to the south of Valenciennes and finished the war less than twelve miles from where they had first withstood the German onslaught at Le Cateau in August 1914. There are over 39,000 East Lancashire Regiment pension and service records (for this regiment - and its antecedents) in various War Office series held at the National Archives. In the centre the South Lancashire and Loyal North Lancashire TA battalions of 55th Division captured all their objectives, but had to yield some of their gains in the face of heavy counter-attacks. Further north, near Beaumont Hamel, 8th East Lancashires and 10th Loyal North Lancashires attacked side by side on the 15th November in the battle of the Ancre, but failed with severe casualties. The 57th Division, with the 2nd/4th South Lancashires, and the 2nd/4th, 1st/5th and 3rd/5th Loyal North Lancashires, took part in the battle of the Scarpe 29th-30th August, and the assault on the Drocourt-Queant Line, the northern extension of the Hindenburg Line, where on 2nd September the South Lancashires took 56 machine guns and 400 prisoners, and then made opposed crossings the Canal du Nord and Canal de l’Escaut to capture Cambrai on 9th October before moving north to occupy Lille. 276150. The infantry assault was to be preceded by a massive and sustained artillery bombardment which, it was confidently predicted, would smash the German defences and cut the wire. The East Lancashire Territorials left Helles a few days later, but not before a posthumous Victoria Cross was earned, on 23rd December, by 2nd Lieutenant Alfred Smith of the 1/5th. On the first day of the offensive 19th Division made a successful attack north of Wytschaete in which the 7th Battalions of the East Lancashires, South Lancashires and Loyal North Lancashires captured and held all their objectives with few casualties. Over the next eight days the Division resisted five German divisions and broke the back of their offensive in that area. The regiment adopted a cap badge that reflected both its geographical recruiting ground and its antecedents regimental history. Marne 1914, Aisne 1914 '18, Armentières 1914, Neuve Lancashire Fusiliers Régiment Création 1688 Dissolution 1968 Pays Royaume-Uni : Branche British Army: Le Lancashire Fusiliers Régiment (en français : Régiment de fusiliers du Lancashire) était une unité de l'armée de terre britannique qui a été fusionnée avec d'autres régiments de fusiliers en 1968 pour devenir The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers. The Loyals fought in many minor actions, including skirmishes around Lake Victoria and the operations which led to the capture, in March 1916, of the Kilimanjaro area. On account of the German Emperor’s sneering dismissal of the BEF as ‘the contemptible little British Army’ the survivors of that gallant band proudly annexed the title by which they will be known for all time, the ‘Old Contemptibles’. The Accrington Pals was a Pals battalion of Kitchener's Army raised in and around the town of Accrington in Lancashire.When the battalion was taken over by the British Army it was officially named the 11th Battalion, The East Lancashire Regiment.. The 11th Battalion played a notable part in this successful defensive battle, in particular by a stubborn stand on 13th April when they held their ground in the face of three direct assaults at the cost of another 240 casualties. The East Lancashire Regiment was formed in 1881 from the 30th Foot and 59th Foot. Division, pressed the enemy back over the Ancre to take Miraumont and some five hundred prisoners. 1939.09 UK 42 Inf Div Early arrivals, in September 1914, were 1/4th and 1/5th East Lancashires, the Blackburn and Burnley Territorials of what became 42nd East Lancashire Division. All available to download. He was the fourth son of L T Baines of Bawtry, Yorkshire, was born July 1877, and educated at Cheltenham. The full weight of the German assault fell on the 66th Division, who held a sector east of Peronne. 1916.07 France and Flanders 8 Div East Lancashire Regiment (British Army) Round Cufflinks £15.00. Loos The final British offensive of 1915 also started on 25th September and 1st Loyal North Lancashires made a gallant but unsuccessful assault in the face of uncut German wire, machine guns and gas. The much-travelled 1st/12th Loyal North Lancashires also reached Tournai at that time. All three battalions remained in the Nieppe area until the end of September. A typical Trench scene. Behind them, the 42. ----------------------------------. 1933 Hong Kong The 2nd East Lancashires joined the battle on the 23rd when they occupied the west bank of the River Somme near Bethencourt, but the river was forded by the enemy and the outflanked battalion lost heavily as they withdrew; despite this, they fought on, with at least one action a day over the next nine days, including successful counter-attacks at Rosieres on the 26th and at Thiennes on the 31st. The 1st and 13th East Lancashires were in the same area, where in mid-August the 1st Battalion took part in a series of minor operations around Neuf Berquin. 1920 May 31: Pte P Miller: Accidentally shot in Dingle by another soldier: East Lancs: CWGC : 1920 Jul 28: Pte W H Ridgway: Killed accidently by a grenade, Tralee: East Lancs: CWGC : 1920 Dec 24: Pte T.Walsh : Accidentally shot Co.Kerry. In turn, the East Lancashire Regiment was amalgamated with other regiments as the age-old process of consolidation within the British Army continued. Marching on through Courtrai to the River Schelde, which they crossed without opposition on 9th November, the ‘Pals’ were near Grammont on the Dendre, some twenty miles from Brussels, when the Armistice brought hostilities to an end. Nine battalions of our Lancashire predecessors were involved in stemming this offensive. 1911 Colchester Villers-Bretonneux Whilst the main action of the April offensive took place on the Lys, further south the Germans made a renewed attempt to reach Amiens. Falaise, Nederrijn, Lower Maas, Ourthe, Rhineland, Reichswald, This is the history of the 30th regiment, from its early beginnings in 1689 all the way to its amalgamation in 1881 with the 59th foot to form the East Lancashire Regiment. The casualties, some 57,470 men, were the worst ever suffered by the British Army on a single day. 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